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The Science of Golf: How The Best Golf Balls Are Chosen

Expert golfers know that golf balls are designed for different game conditions. This is why it is imperative that one picks the right ball for every game. Since there are many balls out there to choose from, golfers have come up with a system of picking the right ball quickly and easily. This process is known as fitting. Through this system, the right ball for every game can be determined by paying attention to various factors.

Swing Speed

A golfer’s swing speed is measured by how fast a ball travels the moment it gets struck by the club. In turn, this is determined by how fast the person was swinging the club to strike the ball. Every golfer has different swing speeds and this indicates how long one has been playing the game.
Golf ballFor instance, beginners tend to have swing speeds of around 90 to 99 mph. This means that the best golf balls for them will be made of lighter material to cover a wider distance. However, these balls are not very durable, which means they have to be replaced after a few plays.
For experienced golfers, the average swing speed is at 100mph and beyond. This is by virtue of their arm strength developed as they get better at the game. Due to this, the ball should be made out of harder material to allow for better control in flight.


As soon as a ball is sent flying through the air, it tends to rotate in a certain direction. This is its spin and is measured by revolutions per minute. Spin is quite common in spherical objects as it allows them to travel better in the air. Despite this, several golf balls are designed to generate less spin as they pass through the air. This results in better control for the golfer at the expense of distance.

On the other hand, there are those balls that can spin more in the air, making them fly over a wider distance than most. However, most of these balls are lightweight and can easily veer off course when the wind changes its direction. Depending on which direction they spin, and where the wind blows, one can expect the ball to veer far left or right.


Trajectory simply pertains to the path a ball takes, from its launching point to wherever it lands. The balls usually travel at an arc, which in turn means their trajectories will be measured based on maximum altitude and distance. In addition, there are a lot of factors that can affect the trajectory of a ball, ball weight and wind speed being notable examples.
Whenever there is a presence of strong winds at the game, heavier golf balls are recommended as they can remain on course as they fly through the air. Of course, heavier balls have a shorter trajectory due to their weight. Lightweight ones have a longer trajectory, but are not the most accurate under certain conditions. The key here is to make sure that the ball travels in a near-straight arc at every strike.


Finally, the durability of a ball will determine its performance for the game. The best golf balls out there are made from a material that is resistant to surface disruption, dents, and scarring. Keep in mind that a lopsided ball will not travel in a straight line compared to a perfect sphere. For beginners, a ball that can withstand multiple strikes from the club is a must.
Picking the right ball will ultimately spell success for any golfer. The golf ball fitting process can make sure that the person is whacking the right ball.

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